Im Vordergrund ein Mikrofon, im Hintergrund ein abstraktes Kunstwerk

Science Talk on Albania: Communist studies and brain drain

In our “Science Talk” series, science journalists from across Europe give their personal view on the state of science in their country.

Cover photo credit: Unsplash/Michal Czyz

Ani Bajrami, what are the most important fields of science in Albania at the moment?
After the collapse of the communist regime after the 1990s, an inherited disciplinary structure of scientific disciplines and topics was present but along the years, it was restructured. Although there is still a strong emphasis on natural sciences and technology like the study of the rich native biodiversity in Albania or even nanotechnology, communist and post communist studies which focus on the communist legacy effects in Albania have been carried out in the last decade.

Credits: Ani Bajrami

“Communist and post communist studies have been carried out in the last decade.”

Dr. Ani Bajrami, anthropologist at the University of Tirana and writer for Reporter.al

Are there things that are unique or more prominent in Albanian research than in other countries?
Since the 18th century due to the Albanian historical trajectory and philosophical roots, studies concerning the language, culture, art and the history of Albania or Albanian Studies were prominent. The role of German and Austrian scholars has been dominant, to name a few, Norbert Jokl or Gustav Meyer. Albanian Studies have formed an excellent and long tradition which has continued to develop over time and continued by the Academy of Albanology Studies in Albania. Currently, there is a broader research spectrum and a high degree of interdisciplinary.

What are the current challenges science in Albania is facing?
I believe there are two main reasons that have influenced somehow a low level of scientific research in my country. First, Albania experienced a massive emigration after the 1990s which included a high percentage of intellectuals and researchers. Therefore, human resources in sciences and technology have drastically decreased. Secondly, the governments did not play a crucial role in financing science, technology and innovation. In this context, I think there is a need for new comprehensive financing mechanisms, meaning research and innovation have to become more cooperative and network-based and prevent the brain drain with proper incentives.

“With the massive emigration after the 1990s, human resources in sciences an technology have drastically decreased.”

Dr. Ani Bajrami

In your view, what are the prospects for young people in science in Albania?
Science does not exist outside the context of society. For young people that want a career in science there are sacrifices, but with dedication and selection of proposals that have a high chance of producing results and publications, a career in science can be rewarding. 

More from Albania

Icon Albania
Previous Article
Next Article

More about Science

Icon Science
Im Vordergrund ein Mikrofon, im Hintergrund ein abstraktes Kunstwerk
Science Fact
Science Talk on North Macedonia: Missing funding, missing scientists
Science Fact-Symbol
Science Fact
Science Talk on North Macedonia: Missing funding, missing scientists
Science in North Macedonia faces several obstacles. Science journalist Goran Lefkov gives his personal view on what the most pressing challenges are for his country.
Gebäude der Lettischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Riga. Credits: Lettische Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Science Sight
Latvian Academy of Sciences
Science Sight-Symbol
Science Sight
Latvian Academy of Sciences
It is literally Latvia's highest scientific institution, housed in the country's frist skyscraper overseeing the historic capital.
Im Vordergrund ein Mikrofon, im Hintergrund ein abstraktes Kunstwerk
Science Fact
Science Talk on Bosnia and Herzegovina: Shadows of the past, chances for the future?
Science Fact-Symbol
Science Fact
Science Talk on Bosnia and Herzegovina: Shadows of the past, chances for the future?
What's the state of science in Bosnia and Herzegovina? What's unique? What are the biggest challenges? Science journalist Jasmin Alibegović gives his view.
Previous Article
Next Article