Der Glockenturm Big Ben in London. Foto: Unsplash/Heidi Fin.
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Great Britain

Big Ben, London

Great Britain

Science in Great Britain

The phrase, "British scientists have discovered that" has probably been in the news more than once - and that's not surprising: when it comes to science and research in Europe, no one can avoid Great Britain. In the past, it was physicists in particular, including titans like Newton, Maxwell and Faraday, but also the biologist Charles Darwin, who have revolutionised science with their work. Over 100 Nobel Prizes have been awarded to British researchers throughout history. But even today, the British belong to one of the world's largest scientific nations: No European country publishes more research results that are cited more often by others. The focus of research is currently particularly on multidisciplinary projects as well as medicine and electrical engineering. Sustainability issues and social problems are also increasingly coming into focus.

The Facts

Population 66,181,585
Area 242,900 km²
Gross domestic product per capita in US-Dollar 42,992.8
Public expenditure on education (share of GDP) 4.8 %
Share of female researchers 38.8 %
Universities 280
Universities per 1 million inhabitants 4.20
Students 2,618,287
Expenditure on Research and Development (share of GDP) 1.7 (share of GDP)

Science Sights

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Ein riesiger alter Gebäudekomplex mit vielen Türmchen
Science Sight
University of Oxford
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Science Sight
University of Oxford
What do Bill Clinton, Richard von Weizsäcker, King Abdullah of Jordan, Rowan “Mr Bean” Atkinson, Oscar Wilde and J. R. R. Tolkien have in common? They, along with 25 British Prime Ministers and numerous other personalities, all studied at the same university – the University of Oxford. It was the first university in the English-speaking […]
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