Ein gewaltiger Turm mit sehr spitzem Dach inmitten einer Stadt
Icon Poland


Palace of Culture and Science, Warsaw


Science in Poland

The fact that the radioactive element polonium sounds a bit like "Poland" is no coincidence: it was discovered at the end of the 19th century by Marie Skłodowska-Curie, who named it after her home country. In addition to polonium, Curie also isolated the element radium for the first time. For this she received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry - her second. She had already received the first one years earlier in physics, together with her husband Pierre Curie and Antoine Henri Becquerel, for their work on radioactivity.

The Facts

Population 38,170,712
Area 312,679 km²
Gross domestic product per capita in US-Dollar 15,468.4
Public expenditure on education (share of GDP) 5.0 %
Share of female researchers 38.1 %
Universities 379
Universities per 1 million inhabitants 9.90
Students 1,430,981
Expenditure on Research and Development (share of GDP) 1.2 (share of GDP)